(Table II, page 668-669) Distribution of elements between minerals soluble in 1M Hydroxylamine hydrochloride (Reducible); in 1m HCL (Acid-soluble) and in the insoluble residue of manganese nodules, supplement to: Arrhenius, Gustaf (1963): Pelagic sediments. In: Hill, M.N. (Ed.) The Earth Beneath the Sea, History, The Sea - Ideas and Observations on Progress in the Study of the Seas, Wiley J, New York, U.S.A., 3, 655-727

Attempts to classify pelagic sediments have been based either on appearance and composition, or on the ultimate origin of the components. In particular it appears feasible to distinguish minerals which crystallized in sea-water from those which formed in magmas, in hydrothermal solution, or by weathering under acidic conditions. It is the case of iron and manganese oxide mineral aggregates which constitute one of the major types of rock encountered on the ocean floor; according to Menard (unpublished) about 10% of the pelagic area of the Pacific is covered by such nodules. The nodules consist of intimately intergrown crystallites of different minerals among those identified, besides detrital minerals and organic matter, are opal, goethite, rutile, anatase, barite, nontronite, and at least three manganese oxide minerals of major importance. Arrhenius and Korkisch (1959) have attempted to separate from each other the different minerals constituting the nodules, in order to establish the details of their structure and the localization of the heavy metal ions. The results demonstrate (Table II) that copper and nickel are concentrated in the manganese oxide phases concentrated in the reducible fraction. Cobalt, part of the nickel and most of the chromium are distributed between these and the acid-soluble group of the non-manganese minerals, dominated by goethite and disordered FeOOH.

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.854988
PID http://hdl.handle.net/10013/epic.46253.d001
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.7289/V52Z13FT
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.7289/V53X84KN
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.854988
Creator Arrhenius, Gustaf
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 1963
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 386 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-155.917W, -25.517S, -85.233E, 40.235N); Pacific Ocean; North-West Pacific Ocean
Temporal Coverage Begin 1904-12-31T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 1958-01-26T00:00:00Z