(Table 1) Gypsum, pyrite and glauconite at DSDP Hole 36-329, supplement to: Muza, Jay Phillip; Wise, Sherwood W (1983): An authigenic gypsum, pyrite, and glauconite association in a Miocene deep sea biogenic ooze from the Falkland Plateau, Southwest Atlantic Ocean. In: Ludwig, WJ; Krasheninnikov, VA; et al. (eds.), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project (U.S. Govt. Printing Office), 71, 361-375


Authigenic gypsum, pyrite, and glauconite are disseminated throughout an unusually long (346 m) Miocene section of mixed biogenic carbonate and diatomaceous ooze drilled on the Falkland Plateau at DSDP Site 329 (water depth, 1519 m). The present organic carbon content of the sediment is low, ranging between 0.1 and 0.7%. Gypsum occurs as euhedral single or twinned crystals of selenite up to 5 mm in diameter, sometimes in the form of gypsum rosettes. These crystals are intact and unabraded, comprising up to 4% of the washed sample. The authigenic nature of the gypsum is demonstrated by the presence of diatoms and radiolarians embedded within the gypsum crystals. The gypsum co-occurs with pyrite and glauconite in these samples. The pyrite occurs as framboids, foraminiferal infillings, rods, and granular sheetlike masses composed of pyrite octahedra. The glauconite occurs as foraminiferal infillings and as free grains. The gypsum and pyrite were identified by energy-dispersive X-ray analysis and scanning electron micrographs. Some of the gypsum has grown on pyrite, indicating that it precipitated after the pyrite, perhaps in response to a change in pH conditions. The formation of the mineral suite can be explained by current models of in situ sulfide and sulfate precipitation coincident with diagenesis and oxidation of much of the original organic carbon.

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.814004
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.2973/dsdp.proc.71.114.1983
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.814004
Creator Muza, Jay Phillip; Wise, Sherwood W
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 1983
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 48 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-46.096 LON, -50.655 LAT); South Atlantic/BANK