Isotope measurements from ODP Hole 104-642B, supplement to: Risebrobakken, Bjørg; Andersson, Carin; De Schepper, Stijn; McClymont, Erin L (2016): Low-frequency Pliocene climate variability in the eastern Nordic Seas. Paleoceanography, 31(9), 1154-1175

DOI

The Pliocene (5.3-2.6 Ma) is often described as a relatively stable climatic period, with warm temperatures characterizing high latitudes. New suborbital resolved stable isotope records from ODP Hole 642B in the Eastern Nordic Seas document that the Pliocene was not a stable period characterized by one climate. Rather, seven distinct climate phases, each lasting between 150,000 and 400,000 years, are identified and characterized in the time interval 5.1-3.1 Ma. Four of the transitions between the defined climate phases occurred close to an eccentricity minimum and a minimum in amplitude of change for Northern Hemisphere summer insolation, while two occurred around an eccentricity maximum and a maximum in amplitude in insolation change. Hence, a low frequency response of the Nordic Seas to insolation forcing is indicated. In addition, paleogeographic and related paleoceanographic changes, expansion of the Arctic sea ice cover and onset of NHG were important factors behind the evolving Pliocene low frequency variability in the eastern Nordic Seas. It is likely that the identified climate phases and transitions are important beyond the Nordic Seas, due to their association with changes to both insolation and paleogeography. Also, a strong and variable degree of diagenetic calcite overgrowth is documented for the planktic foraminifera, especially influencing the planktic d18O results; the absolute values and amplitude of change cannot be taken at face value.

Identifier
DOI http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.863867
Metadata Access http://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite3&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.863867
Provenance
Creator De Schepper, Stijn;McClymont, Erin L;Andersson, Carin;Risebrobakken, Bjørg
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2016
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC-BY)
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Coverage
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (67N,3 E)
Temporal Point 1985-06-28T11:59:59Z