Helicopter-borne sea ice thickness measurements during cruises ARK-XX/2 and ARK-XXII/2 (SPACE) in the Arctic Ocean, supplement to: Haas, Christian; Pfaffling, Andreas; Hendricks, Stefan; Rabenstein, Lasse; Etienne, Jean-Louis; Rigor, Ignatius (2008): Reduced ice thickness in Arctic Transpolar Drift favors rapid ice retreat. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L17501

DOI

Helicopter-borne electromagnetic sea ice thickness measurements were performed over the Transpolar Drift in late summers of 2001, 2004, and 2007, continuing ground-based measurements since 1991. These show an ongoing reduction of modal and mean ice thicknesses in the region of the North Pole of up to 53 and 44%, respectively, since 2001. A buoy derived ice age model showed that the thinning was mainly due to a regime shift from predominantly multi- and second-year ice in earlier years to first-year ice in 2007, which had modal and mean summer thicknesses of 0.9 and 1.27 m. Measurements of second-year ice which still persisted at the North Pole in April 2007 indicate a reduction of late-summer second-year modal and mean ice thicknesses since 2001 of 20 and 25% to 1.65 and 1.81 m, respectively. The regime shift to younger and thinner ice could soon result in an ice free North Pole during summer.

Identifier
DOI http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.778336
Metadata Access http://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite3&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.778336
Provenance
Creator Haas, Christian;Rabenstein, Lasse;Etienne, Jean-Louis;Rigor, Ignatius;Pfaffling, Andreas;Hendricks, Stefan
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2008
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC-BY)
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Collection of Datasets
Format application/zip
Coverage
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (82N-90N,170W-178E)
Temporal Point 2004-07-28T11:59:59Z