Stable carbon isotopes of Planulina wuellerstorfi of sediment core MD01-2444, supplement to: Skinner, Luke C; Elderfield, Henry; Hall, Michael A (2007): Phasing of Millennial Climate Events and Northeast Atlantic Deep-Water Temperature Change Since 50 Ka Bp. In: Schmittner, A; Chiang, JCH; Hemming, SR (eds.), Ocean Circulation: Mechanisms and Impacts-Past and Future Changes of Meridional Overturning, Geophysical Monograph Series, 173, 197-208


The observation that Greenland and Antarctic temperatures have followed a specific 'asymmetrical' pattern on millennial time-scales sets rigid constraints on any viable theory of abrupt climate change. The further observation that the very same asymmetry is also reflected in planktonic and benthic d18O measurements from the Northeast Atlantic has extended this constraint to include a specific response in the ocean. Here we present records of deep-water temperature, d18O and d13C variability from the Northeast Atlantic that help to shed light on the links between overturning circulation perturbations, sea-level variability and inter-hemispheric climate change on millennial time-scales. Results indicate that while deep-water temperatures in the Northeast Atlantic have tracked Greenland climate, the d18O signature of local deepwater (d18Odw) has varied in a manner more reminiscent of Antarctic temperature variability. The previously identified correspondence of Antarctic warm events with benthic d18O minima in the Northeast Atlantic is thus found to apply specifically to d18Odw minima, and to extend beyond Marine Isotope Stage 3 to the entirety of the last 50 ka. It is impossible to reconcile completely the Iberian Margin d18Odw record with existing reconstructions of millennial sea-level variability, leading to the conclusion that a significant portion of the d18Odw record must represent local hydrographic change. This is supported by benthic d13C measurements, which suggest the incursion during Greenland stadials of a colder, low-d18O and low-d13C water-mass, of presumed Antarctic origin. These observations confirm a one-to-one coupling of inter-hemispheric climate events with changes in the Atlantic overturning circulation, but fail to rule in or out a unique mechanism by which they were triggered.

Metadata Access
Creator Hall, Michael A;Skinner, Luke C;Elderfield, Henry
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2007
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC-BY)
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (38N,10W)