Data from: Analysis of the porcine APOA2 gene expression in liver, polymorphisms identification and association with fatty acid composition traits

APOA2 is a protein implicated in triglyceride, fatty acid and glucose metabolism. In pigs, the APOA2 gene is located on pig chromosome 4 (SSC4) in a QTL region affecting fatty acid composition, fatness and growth traits. In this study, we evaluated APOA2 as a candidate gene for meat quality traits in an Iberian × Landrace backcross population. The APOA2:c.131T>A polymorphism, located in exon 3 of APOA2 and determining a missense mutation, was associated with the percentage of hexadecenoic acid [C16:1(n–9)], linoleic acid [C18:2(n–6)], α-linolenic acid [C18:3(n–3)], dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid [C20:3(n–6)] and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in backfat. Furthermore, this SNP was associated with the global mRNA expression levels of APOA2 in liver and was used as a marker to determine allelic expression imbalance by pyrosequencing. We determined an overexpression of the T allele in heterozygous samples with a mean ratio of 2.8 (T/A), observing a high variability in the allelic expression among individuals. This result suggests that complex regulatory mechanisms, beyond a single polymorphism (e.g. epigenetic effects or multiple cis-acting polymorphisms), may be regulating APOA2 gene expression.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.75876
PID https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:nl:ui:13-sw-zs1f
Source https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:nl:ui:13-sw-zs1f
Metadata Access https://easy.dans.knaw.nl/oai?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=oai_datacite&identifier=oai:easy.dans.knaw.nl:easy-dataset:94168
Provenance
Creator Ballester, M.; Revilla, M.; Puig-Oliveras, A.; Marchesi, J. A. P.; Castello, A.; Corominas, J.; Fernandez, A. I.; Folch, J. M.
Publisher Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS)
Publication Year 2016
Rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess; License: http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0
OpenAccess true
Representation
Resource Type Dataset
Discipline Life Sciences;Medicine