Development of community-based monitoring for aquatic invasive species (AIS) in the Canadian Arctic - preparing for increased shipping related to resource development and climate change

In preparation for expected increases in resource development, reduced sea ice extent and associated increases in shipping traffic in the Canadian Arctic, we propose a four-step approach for the development of CBM, that will allow for early detection of AIS and characterization of baseline coastal marine biodiversity. This would extend current research efforts by Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) and the Canadian Aquatic Invasive Species Network (CAISN) and include: 1) Updated analysis of shipping vectors to identify high risk pathways: i. Updated semi-quantitative risk assessments to compare relative risks of AIS introductions through different shipping pathways in the Canadian Arctic under current and future shipping scenarios. ii. Complementary experimental work to examine efficacy of current voluntary exchange practices for domestic vessels bringing ballast into the Arctic and ballast water sampling at new ports expected to receive rapid increases in shipping (eg Milne Inlet). 2) Identification and ranking of key ship-mediated AIS for early detection and monitoring, and geographic locations with highest probability for establishment: i. Ranking of potential AIS using a screening level risk assessment tool. ii. Environmental niche modelling of establishment potential for higher risk AIS. 3) Development of genetic early detection methodologies for AIS in high-risk ports: i. Development and testing of genetic primers suitable for differentiating high-risk AIS identified through 1 and 2. ii.Validation and calibration of eDNA approaches for detection of both native and invasive taxa through field research in current and future high-risk ports and, iii. Optimization and standardization of eDNA field collection methods for the Arctic marine environment. 4) Establishment of a CBM network/capacity: i. Provide training to local community members and northern research staff in user-friendly port survey collection methods and eDNA sampling techniques concurrent with 1 to 3.

Information from this study will be disseminated through theses, reports, scientific manuscripts, conference presentations and posters, including recommendations for development of new regulations to protect the Arctic from the introductions of ship-mediated AIS.

Identifier
Source https://www.polardata.ca/pdcsearch/PDCSearchDOI.jsp?doi_id=12690
Metadata Access http://www.polardata.ca/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=fgdc&identifier=12690_fgdc
Provenance
Creator Howland, Kimberly; Bailey, Sarah; Archambault, Phillipe; Bernatchez, Louis; Lacoursiere-Roussel, Anais; Lodge, David; Mckindsey, Chris; Rochon, Andre; Simard, Nathalie; Winkler, Gesche
Publisher Canadian Cryospheric Information Network
Contributor Polar Data Catalogue
Publication Year 2017
Rights Research programs, CCIN, or ArcticNet take no liability for the use or transmission of this data
OpenAccess true
Contact kimberly.howland(at)dfo-mpo.gc.ca; pdc(at)uwaterloo.ca
Representation
Language English
Format Computer file
Discipline Environmental Research
Spatial Coverage (-94.000W, 55.000S, -68.000E, 73.000N)
Temporal Coverage Begin 2015-08-11T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2017-08-31T00:00:00Z