(Table 2) Oxygen isotope composition of authigenic and detrital phosphates from ODL Leg 201 sites, supplement to: Jaisi, Deb P; Blake, Ruth E (2010): Tracing sources and cycling of phosphorus in Peru Margin sediments using oxygen isotopes in authigenic and detrital phosphates. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74(11), 3199-3212


Many (bio)geochemical processes that bring about changes in sediment chemistry normally begin at the sediment-water interface, continue at depth within the sediment column and may persist throughout the lifetime of sediments. Because of the differential reactivity of sedimentary phosphate phases in response to diagenesis, dissolution/precipitation and biological cycling, the oxygen isotope ratios of phosphate (d18OP) can carry a distinct signature of these processes, as well as inform on the origin of specific P phases. Here, we present results of sequential sediment extraction (SEDEX) analyses combined with d18OP measurements, aimed at characterizing authigenic and detrital phosphate phases in continental margin sediments from three sites (Sites 1227, 1228 and 1229) along the Peru Margin collected during ODP Leg 201. Our results show that the amount of P in different reservoirs varies significantly in the upper 50 m of the sediment column, but with a consistent pattern, for example, detrital P is highest in siliciclastic-rich layers. The d18OP values of authigenic phosphate vary between 20.2 per mil and 24.8 per mil and can be classified into at least two major groups: authigenic phosphate precipitated at/near the sediment-water interface in equilibrium with paleo-water oxygen isotope ratios (d18Ow) and temperature, and phosphate derived from hydrolysis of organic matter (Porg) with subsequent incomplete to complete re-equlibration and precipitated deeper in the sediments column. The d18OP values of detrital phosphate, which vary from 7.7-15.4 per mil, suggest two possible terrigenous sources and their mixtures in different proportions: phosphate from igneous/metamorphic rocks and phosphate precipitated in source regions in equilibrium with d18Ow of meteoric water. More importantly, original isotopic compositions of at least one phase of authigenic phosphates and all detrital phosphates are not altered by diagenesis and other biogeochemical changes within the sediment column. These findings help to understand the origin and provenance of P phases and paleoenvironmental conditions at/near the sediment-water interface, and to infer post-depositional activities within the sediment column.

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.783424
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2010.02.030
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.783424
Creator Jaisi, Deb P; Blake, Ruth E
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2010
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 90 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-79.956W, -11.064S, -77.958E, -8.991N); South Pacific Ocean
Temporal Coverage Begin 2002-02-28T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2002-03-10T00:00:00Z