Effects of ocean acidification on respiration, growth and C:N ratio of arctic Hyas araneus larvae, supplement to: Schiffer, Melanie; Harms, Lars; Pörtner, Hans-Otto; Lucassen, Magnus; Mark, Felix Christopher; Storch, Daniela (2012): Tolerance of Hyas araneus zoea I larvae to elevated seawater PCO2 despite elevated metabolic costs. Marine Biology, 160(8), 1943-1953

DOI

Early life stages of marine crustaceans respond sensitively to elevated seawater PCO2. However, the underlying physiological mechanisms have not been studied well. We therefore investigated the effects of elevated seawater PCO2 on oxygen consumption, dry weight, elemental composition, median developmental time (MDT) and mortality in zoea I larvae of the spider crab Hyas araneus (Svalbard 79°N/11°E; collection, May 2009; hatch, December 2009). At the time of moulting, oxygen consumption rate had reached a steady state level under control conditions. In contrast, elevated seawater PCO2 caused the metabolic rate to rise continuously leading to a maximum 1.5-fold increase beyond control level a few days before moulting into the second stage (zoea II), followed by a pronounced decrease. Dry weight of larvae reared under high CO2 conditions was lower than in control larvae at the beginning of the moult cycle, yet this difference had disappeared at the time of moulting. MDT of zoea I varied between 45 ± 1 days under control conditions and 42 ± 2 days under the highest seawater CO2 concentration. The present study indicates that larval development under elevated seawater PCO2 levels results in higher metabolic costs during premoulting events in zoea I. However, H. araneus zoea I larvae seem to be able to compensate for higher metabolic costs as larval MDT and survival was not affected by elevated PCO2 levels.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Lavigne et al, 2014) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation is 2014-05-28.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.833060
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-012-2036-0
Related Identifier https://cran.r-project.org/package=seacarb
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.833060
Provenance
Creator Schiffer, Melanie; Harms, Lars; Pörtner, Hans-Otto; Lucassen, Magnus; Mark, Felix Christopher; Storch, Daniela
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Contributor Yang, Yan
Publication Year 2013
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 26064 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (11.933 LON, 78.917 LAT); Kongsfjorden, Spitsbergen, Arctic
Temporal Coverage Begin 2009-05-01T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2009-05-31T00:00:00Z