XRF scanning, revisited composite depth and age model of ODP Site 159-959 (1.8-6.2 Ma), supplement to: Vallé, Francesca; Westerhold, Thomas; Dupont, Lydie M (2016): Orbital-driven environmental changes recorded at ODP Site 959 (eastern equatorial Atlantic) from the Late Miocene to the Early Pleistocene. International Journal of Earth Sciences

DOI

In this study, new high-resolution XRF data from ODP Site 959 (3°37'N, 2°44'W) have been used to investigate the relationship between paleoenvironmental changes in West Africa and sedimentation in the tropical east Atlantic Ocean. Fe intensity data have been used to build a 91 meter composite depth record that has been astronomically tuned allowing the development of a detailed age model from 6.2 to 1.8 Ma. Based on this new stratigraphy we studied the variations of Ti/Al, Ti/Ca and Al/Si ratios, proxies for aeolian vs. fluvial supply, as dust indicator and fine vs. coarse grain size, respectively. We discuss sedimentation patterns at ODP Site 959 associated to the environmental changes from the late Miocene until the early Pleistocene. During the interval corresponding to the earlier stages of the Messinian Salinity Crisis our proxy records indicate enhanced run-off from the West African continent and major supply of fine material at ODP Site 959, suggesting a stronger monsoon and increased precipitation during eccentricity minima. A long-term decrease of river supply is documented after 5.4 Ma towards the early Pleistocene. From the increased values and variability of Ti/Al ratios we suggest that after 3.8 Ma dust started to reach the study site probably as a result of the southward shift of the Intertropical Convergence Zone during winter. Between 3.2 and 2.9 Ma ODP Site 959 Ti/Ca ratios exhibit three maxima corresponding to eccentricity maxima similarly to other dust records of northern Africa. This suggests continent-wide aridity or larger climate variability during that interval. Eccentricity forcing (405 kyr and 100 kyr) and precession frequencies are found in the entire studied interval. The variations of Ti/Al ratio suggest stronger seasonality between 5.8 and 5.5 Ma and after 3.2 Ma.

Identifier
DOI http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.858040
Metadata Access http://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite3&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.858040
Provenance
Creator Dupont, Lydie M;Vallé, Francesca;Westerhold, Thomas
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2016
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC-BY)
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Collection of Datasets
Format application/zip
Coverage
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (4 N-4 N,3 W-3 W)
Temporal Point 1995-01-09T11:59:59Z