Brackish water carbonate chemistry and concentrations of dimethyl sulfide (DMS) and dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP)

DOI

The objective of this study was to assess experimentally the potential impact of anthropogenic pH perturbation (ApHP) on concentrations of dimethyl sulfide (DMS) and dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), as well as processes governing the microbial cycling of sulfur compounds. A summer planktonic community from surface waters of the Lower St. Lawrence Estuary was monitored in microcosms over 12 days under three pCO2 targets: 1 * pCO2 (775 µatm), 2 * pCO2 (1,850 µatm), and 3 * pCO2 (2,700 µatm). A mixed phytoplankton bloom comprised of diatoms and unidentified flagellates developed over the course of the experiment. The magnitude and timing of biomass buildup, measured by chlorophyll a concentration, changed in the 3 * pCO2 treatment, reaching about half the peak chlorophyll a concentration measured in the 1 * pCO2 treatment, with a 2-day lag. Doubling and tripling the pCO2 resulted in a 15% and 40% decline in average concentrations of DMS compared to the control. Results from 35S-DMSPd uptake assays indicated that neither concentrations nor microbial scavenging efficiency of dissolved DMSP was affected by increased pCO2. However, our results show a reduction of the mean microbial yield of DMS by 34% and 61% in the 2 * pCO2 and 3 * pCO2 treatments, respectively. DMS concentrations correlated positively with microbial yields of DMS (Spearman's ρ = 0.65; P < 0.001), suggesting that the impact of ApHP on concentrations of DMS in diatom-dominated systems may be strongly linked with alterations of the microbial breakdown of dissolved DMSP. Findings from this study provide further empirical evidence of the sensitivity of the microbial DMSP switch under ApHP. Because even small modifications in microbial regulatory mechanisms of DMSP can elicit changes in atmospheric chemistry via dampened efflux of DMS, results from this study may contribute to a better comprehension of Earth's future climate.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Gattuso et al, 2021) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation by seacarb is 2021-12-31.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.939831
Related Identifier https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.915942
Related Identifier https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/seacarb/index.html
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.939831
Provenance
Creator Bénard, Robin; Lizotte, Martine; Levasseur, Maurice; Scarratt, Michael Grant; Michaud, Sonia; Starr, Michel; Tremblay, Jean-Éric; Kiene, Ronald P; Kameyama, Sohiko
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Contributor Yang, Yan
Publication Year 2021
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 2577 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-67.233 LON, 49.133 LAT); Quebec, Canada
Temporal Coverage Begin 2013-06-19T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2013-07-01T00:00:00Z