Holocene d18O diatom from ODP Hole 178-1098A, supplement to: Pike, Jennifer; Swann, George E A; Leng, Melanie J; Snelling, Andrea M (2013): Glacial discharge along the west Antarctic Peninsula during the Holocene. Nature Geoscience, 6(3), 199-202


The causes for rising temperatures along the Antarctic Peninsula during the late Holocene have been debated, particularly in light of instrumental records of warming over the past decades (Russell and McGregor, 2010, doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9673-4). Suggested mechanisms range from upwelling of warm deep waters onto the continental shelf in response to variations in the westerly winds (Bentley et al., 2009, doi:10.1177/0959683608096603), to an influence of El Niño-Southern Oscillation on sea surface temperatures (Shevenell et al., 2011, doi:10.1038/nature09751). Here, we present a record of Holocene glacial ice discharge, derived from the oxygen isotope composition of marine diatoms from Palmer Deep along the west Antarctic Peninsula continental margin. We assess atmospheric versus oceanic influences on glacial discharge at this location, using analyses of diatom geochemistry to reconstruct atmospherically forced glacial ice discharge and diatom assemblage (Taylor and Sjunneskog, 2002, doi:10.1029/2000PA000564) ecology to investigate the oceanic environment. We show that two processes of atmospheric forcing-an increasing occurrence of La Niña events (Makou et al., 2010, doi:10.1130/G30366.1) and rising levels of summer insolation-had a stronger influence during the late Holocene than oceanic processes driven by southern westerly winds and upwelling of upper Circumpolar Deepwater. Given that the evolution of El Niño-Southern Oscillation under global warming is uncertain (Yeh et al., 2009, doi:10.1038/nature08316), its future impacts on the climatically sensitive system of the Antarctic Peninsula Ice Sheet remain to be established.

DOI http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.857260
Metadata Access http://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite3&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.857260
Creator Pike, Jennifer;Leng, Melanie J;Swann, George E A;Snelling, Andrea M
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2013
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC-BY)
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (65S,64W)
Temporal Point 1996-03-12T11:59:59Z