Seawater carbonate chemistry and coral calcification media pH


Ocean acidification typically reduces the calcification rates of massive Porites spp. corals, but increasing seawater temperatures (below the stress and bleaching threshold) can offset this effect. Here, we use delta 11B to reconstruct the pH of the calcification media (pHECM) used to precipitate the skeleton in poritid corals cultured over a range of seawater pCO2 and at 25 °C and 28 °C. Increasing temperature had no significant effect on pHECM at high pCO2 although corals increased their calcification rates. pHECM was reduced at 28 °C compared to 25 °C at low seawater pCO2, although calcification rates remained constant. Increasing calcification rates could reflect the positive influence of temperature on aragonite precipitation rate, an increase in calcification media saturation state or a change in the concentration/behaviour of the skeletal organic matrix. The two temperatures utilized in this study were within the seasonal range at the coral collection site and do not represent a heat stress scenario. Increasing seawater temperatures may promote calcification in some corals in the future but are unlikely to benefit the majority of corals, which are already living close to their maximum thermal tolerance limits.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Gattuso et al, 2021) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation by seacarb is 2022-1-12.

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Metadata Access
Creator Allison, Nicola; Cole, Catherine; Hintz, Chris; Hintz, Ken; Rae, James; Finch, Adrian A
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Contributor Yang, Yan
Publication Year 2021
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International;
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 423 data points
Discipline Earth System Research