Physical properties and stable isotope composition of rain, river, lake, and groundwater samples in the Canadian Arctic tundra and subarctic taiga (Summer 2018 and 2019)

DOI

This data set describes surface water and late season snow melt physical and geochemical observations collected around the Greiner Lake Watershed (near Cambridge Bay, NU) over July 2018 and between April and June 2019, as well as several rain, river, lake, and groundwater samples collected opportunistically. Snow and surface water samples were collected as part of the project entitled "Development of a multi-scale cryosphere monitoring network for the Kitikmeot region and Northwest territories using in-situ measurements, modeling and remote sensing" led by Dr. Alex Langlois, Université de Sherbrooke. Snow density profiles were measured by extracting snow samples at 3 cm intervals using 192 cm3 and 100 cm3 density cutters. The samples were weighed using a Pesola light series scale (100 g) from which density was calculated. Snow temperature was determined using a digital temperature probe (+/- 0.1°C). Surface water and late season snow melt geochemical properties were also determined following the methods outlined in Levasseur et al., (submitted). Briefly, snow was collected into 1 L HDPE plastic snow containers using a clean plastic trowel. Snow samples were melted at room and/or fridge temperature, with melt progression checked at regular intervals. Once melted, samples were filtered through 0.22 μm Sterivex-GV filters into Wheaton 4 mL Amber Vials with TFE-Lined Caps for the analysis of stable isotope composition (δ18O-H2O and δ2H-H2O). Rain samples were collected using a funnel rain gauge at the Canadian High Arctic Research Station, whereas lake and pond samples were collected from surface waters at the shore or edge, respectively. Soil and pore water samples were collected by digging a hole, filling containers and pressing their contents through a filter with a pestle. All water samples were then processed identically to the snow melt samples. River water samples were also collected from Freshwater Creek (69.131°N, -104.991°E), which directly drains Greiner Lake. Surface water samples for the determination of stable water isotopes were collected according to methods developed by the Arctic Great Rivers Observatory (Arctic-GRO; http://www.arcticgreatrivers.org/) as described in detail by Brown et al., 2020. For samples collected in 2018, stable isotope analyses were conducted at the Environmental Chemistry Facility at Brown University (RI) using a Picarro L1102-i Isotopic Water Liquid Analyzer with a standard error of +/- 0.1 ‰ for δ18O-H2O and +/-1 ‰ for δ2H-H2O. For samples collected in 2019, stable isotope analyses were conducted at the University of Calgary using a Los Gatos Research Liquid Water Isotope Analyzer with a reported analytical precision of ± 0.2‰ for δ18O-H2O and ± 2‰ for δ2H-H2O.

Acknowledgements: We would like to thank the Environmental Chemistry Facility at Brown University, Rhode Island, USA (Joseph Orchardo, David Murray) and the Else Lab at the University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada (Araleigh Cranch, Mohamed Ahmed, Brent Else) for conducting sample analyses.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.925387
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1080/07055900.2021.1962240
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JG005414
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1175/2009JHM1154.1
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.925387
Provenance
Creator Levasseur, Simon; Brown, Kristina Anne; Langlois, Alexandre; McLennan, Donald
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2020
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 239 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-105.045W, 69.121S, -104.797E, 69.252N); Cambridge Bay, Nunavut, Canada
Temporal Coverage Begin 2018-07-19T11:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2019-06-07T15:06:00Z