Seawater carbonate chemistry and shell morphometrics during CO2 acidified seawater laboratory experiment and field experiment of flat tree oysters, Isognomon alatus (Gmelin, 1791)

DOI

Seawater changing chemistry has consequences on coastal ecosystems and their living resources. Future projections suggest the pH could drop 0.2-0.3 pH units by the year 2100 under a business-as-usual (BAU) CO2 emission scenario. Marine calcifying organisms such as corals, calcifying algae, crustaceans, mussels, oysters and clams are most likely to be impacted by ocean acidification. The Isognomon alatus (flat tree oyster) is an important species that can be negatively affected by the lowering of seawater pH. Isognomon alatus is an important food source, a substrate for other benthic organisms (e.g., stone crab, Menippe mercenaria) and contribute to nutrients recycling in coastal ecosystems. The study was conducted to test the impacts acidified seawater CO2 on the growth of I. alatus under controlled laboratory conditions as well as field experiment. The Isognomon alatus lost weight and experienced negative growth rates of –0.56 +- 0.36 mg /g/day under average pH values of 7.8 expected by the end of this century compared to a loss of –0.26 +- 0.23 mg/g/day under ambient pH (value 8.1) conditions. In contrast, I. alatus incubated in a field experiment showed a gain in weight and positive growth of 3.30 +- 0.23 mg/g/day despite exposure to pH levels (7.4) during low tide significantly lower than those experienced in the laboratory. Overall, the results showed concern on the impacts of acidification flat tree oyster (Bivalvia:Isognomonidae). A decline of calcifying bivalves populations can impact coastal ecosystems function and indirectly affect the human beings that depend on them as a food source.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Gattuso et al, 2021) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation by seacarb is 2021-07-15.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.933733
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.5897/AJEST2020.2897
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.921678
Related Identifier https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/seacarb/index.html
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.933733
Provenance
Creator Akita, Lailah Gifty; Andersson, Andreas J; Smeti, Houssem; Queiroz, Tiago
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Contributor Yang, Yan
Publication Year 2021
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 21603 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-64.694W, 32.371S, -64.693E, 32.375N); Bermuda, Atlantic Ocean
Temporal Coverage Begin 2009-01-21T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2009-04-05T00:00:00Z