Biogeochemistry measurements in a mesocosm experiment in the Bay of Hopavagen, Norway, in August 2012

DOI

The goal of this work has been to examine the influence of upper ocean food web structure and functioning on both the natural and artificially enhanced sequestration of carbon within the ocean. Data obtained in the mesocosm experiment run in the Bay of Hopavågen in August 2012 are used to assess the extent to which organic matter produced within four different food webs is retained in the upper ocean food web versus remineralized back to carbon dioxide and inorganic nutrients (ammonium, dissolved silicon, phosphate) versus exported from the system in the form of rapidly sinking particles. The experiment was carried out in a set of 12 mesocosms covering, in triplicate, 2 different phytoplankton communities (diatom versus non-diatom) exposed to 2 different zooplankton communities (-copepod and +copepod). These starting conditions were established by first filling the bags, roughly simultaneously, with seawater from the Bay of Hopavågen. Mesozooplankton were then removed to the most complete extent possible immediately removed from half of the mesocosms through repeated vertical hauls of a plankton net (200 µm mesh). Nitrate and phosphate was added to half mesocosms daily to promote the growth of non-siliceous phytoplankton (e.g. dinoflagellates or coccolithophores). To the other half of the mesocosms, nitrate, phosphate, and silicate were added to promote the growth of diatoms. Material was allowed to settle and the two distinct phytoplankton populations were allowed to develop for 4 days, after which copepods collected from the Bay of Hopavågen were added back to the half of the N+P mesocosms and to the half of the N+P+Si mesocosms from which mesozooplankton had not been removed at the beginning. This yielded a set of four initial starting conditions (N+P-copepods, N+P+copepods, N+P+Si-copepods, and N+P+Si+copepods). In the primary mesocosms, samples for a set of core parameters were taken every time the mesocosms were sampled. Samples for particulates (PIC, BSi, POC, PON) were collected on GF/F or 0.4 µm polycarbonate.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.817354
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.817354
Provenance
Creator De La Rocha, Christina L
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Contributor Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
Publication Year 2013
Funding Reference Seventh Framework Programme, 264933
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 1142 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage Norwegian fjord
Temporal Coverage Begin 2012-08-02T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2012-08-26T00:00:00Z