Orthographic coding in illiterates and literates

Open Materials for the research article: Duñabeitia, J.A., Orihuela, K., & Carreiras, M. (2014). Orthographic coding in illiterates and literates. Psychological Science, 25(6), 1275-1280.

Article abstract: We investigated how literacy modifies one of the mechanisms of the visual system that is essential for efficient reading: flexible position coding. To do so, we focused on the abilities of literates and illiterates to compare two-dimensional strings of letters (Experiment 1) and symbols (Experiment 2) in which the positions of characters had been manipulated. Results from two perceptual matching experiments revealed that literates were sensitive to alterations in characters’ within-string position and identity, whereas illiterates are almost blind to these changes. We concluded that letter-position coding is a mechanism that emerges during literacy acquisition and that the recognition of sequences of objects is highly modulated by reading skills. These data offer new insights about the manner in which reading acquisition shapes the visual system by making it highly sensitive to the internal structure of sequences of characters.

The file contains all the different strings used in the experiments in the three critical conditions ("same", "different transposed" and "different replaced") made of two different types of characters (only letters or only symbols).

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.17026/dans-zgz-mj7w
PID https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:nl:ui:13-5ydm-z1
Source https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:nl:ui:13-5ydm-z1
Metadata Access https://easy.dans.knaw.nl/oai?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=oai_datacite&identifier=oai:easy.dans.knaw.nl:easy-dataset:58102
Provenance
Creator Dunabeitia, J.A. (Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language (BCBL)); Orihuela, K. (Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language (BCBL)); Carreiras, M. (Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language (BCBL)/Ikerbasque, Basque Foundation for Science/ University of the Basque Country, Department of Basque Language and Communication)
Publisher Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS)
Publication Year 2014
Rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess; License: http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Format PDF
Discipline Psychology
Spatial Coverage Morelos (Mexico)