Surface temperature reconstruction using alkenones from sediment core B0406 retreived in the Peru upwelling area, supplement to: Gutièrrez, Dimitri; Bouloubassi, Ioanna; Sifeddine, Abdelfettah; Purca, Sara; Goubanova, Katerina; Graco, Michelle; Field, David; Méjanelle, Laurence; Velazco, Federico; Lorre, Anne; Salvatteci, Renato; Quispe, Daniel; Vargas, Gabriel; Dewitte, Boris; Ortlieb, Luc (2011): Coastal cooling and increased productivity in the main upwelling zone off Peru since the mid-twentieth century. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L07603

DOI

We reconstructed a high-resolution, alkenone-based sea surface temperature (SST) record spanning the last ca. 150 years, from a sediment core retrieved within the main upwelling zone off Peru. A conspicuous SST decline is evidenced since the 1950s despite interdecadal SST variability. Instrumental SST data and reanalysis of ECMWF ERA 40 winds suggest that the recent coastal cooling corresponds mainly to an intensification of alongshore winds and associated increase of upwelling in spring. Consistently, both proxy and instrumental data evidence increased productivity in phase with the SST cooling. Our data expand on previous reports on recent SST cooling in other Eastern Boundary upwelling systems and support scenarios that relate coastal upwelling intensification to global warming. Yet, further investigations are needed to assess the role of different mechanisms and forcings (enhanced local winds vs. spin-up of the South Pacific High Pressure cell).

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.808961
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GL046324
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.808961
Provenance
Creator Gutièrrez, Dimitri; Bouloubassi, Ioanna; Sifeddine, Abdelfettah; Purca, Sara; Goubanova, Katerina; Graco, Michelle; Field, David; Méjanelle, Laurence; Velazco, Federico; Lorre, Anne; Salvatteci, Renato; Quispe, Daniel; Vargas, Gabriel; Dewitte, Boris; Ortlieb, Luc
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2013
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 294 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-76.502 LON, -14.132 LAT); World Ocean