Core descriptions and bulk sedimentology of two sediment cores in outer Filchner Trough, Antarctica, supplement to: Arndt, Jan Erik; Hillenbrand, Claus-Dieter; Grobe, Hannes; Kuhn, Gerhard; Wacker, Lukas (2017): Evidence for a dynamic grounding-line in outer Filchner Trough, Antarctica, until the early Holocene. Geology, 45(11), 1035-1038


Previous reconstructions of ice-sheet changes in Antarctica's Weddell Sea sector since the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) at 19-23 (calibrated) cal. kyr B.P. suffered from large uncertainties and were partly contradictory. As a consequence, the contribution of this sector to the LGM sea-level low stand and post-LGM sea-level rise was unclear. Furthermore, whether and how precursor water masses for Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW) were formed in the Weddell Sea Embayment under glacial conditions is unknown, as this today requires the existence of the floating Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf. Here we present new marine geophysical and marine geological data from the outer shelf section of the Filchner paleo-ice stream trough documenting that grounded ice had advanced onto and retreated from the outer shelf prior to 27.5 cal. kyr B.P., i.e., more than 4,500 years before the LGM. The data reveal the presence of a stacked grounding-zone wedge (GZW) just south of 75°30' S. This GZW was formed during two episodes of grounding-line re-advance onto the outer shelf after 11.8 cal. kyr B.P., with data further inshore implying paleo-ice stream retreat from the GZW location prior to 8.7 cal. kyr B.P.. Our findings show that (i) ice-sheet build-up in the Weddell Sea sector made only limited contributions to the LGM sea-level low stand, (ii) ice-ocean interaction below an ice shelf in outer Filchner Trough could contribute to AABW production at the LGM, and (iii) numerical models need to take into account a highly dynamic ice-sheet behavior in regions of WAIS and EAIS confluence.

Metadata Access
Creator Grobe, Hannes;Hillenbrand, Claus-Dieter;Wacker, Lukas;Kuhn, Gerhard;Arndt, Jan Erik
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2017
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC-BY)
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Collection of Datasets
Format application/zip
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (76S-76S,32W-32W)
Temporal Point 2016-01-24T11:59:59Z