Hidden order and multipolar exchange striction in a correlated f-electron system


The nature of order in low-temperature phases of some materials is not directly seen by experiment. Such "hidden orders" (HO) may inspire decades of research to identify the mechanism underlying those exotic states of matter. In insulators, HO phases originate in degenerate many-electron states on localized f or d shells that may harbor high-rank multipole moments. Coupled by inter-site exchange, those moments form a vast space of competing order parameters. Here, we show how the ground state order and magnetic excitations of a prototypical HO system, neptunium dioxide NpO2, can be fully described by a low-energy Hamiltonian derived by a many-body ab initio force theorem method. Superexchange interactions between the lowest crystal-field quadruplet of Np4+ ions induce a primary non-collinear order of time-odd rank-5 (triakontadipolar) moments with a secondary quadrupole order preserving the cubic symmetry of NpO2. Our study also reveals an unconventional multipolar exchange-striction mechanism behind the anomalous volume contraction of the NpO2 HO phase.

DOI https://doi.org/10.24435/materialscloud:12-7q
Source https://archive.materialscloud.org/record/2021.45
Metadata Access https://archive.materialscloud.org/xml?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=oai_dc&identifier=oai:materialscloud.org:757
Creator Pourovskii, Leonid V.; Khmelevskyi, Sergii
Publisher Materials Cloud
Publication Year 2021
Rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess; Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
OpenAccess true
Contact archive(at)materialscloud.org
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Discipline Materials Science and Engineering