Seawater carbonate chemistry and growth of four North Atlantic bivalves, supplement to: Gao, Guang; Qu, Liming; Burgess, J Grant; Li, Xinshu; Xu, Juntian (2019): Future CO2-induced ocean acidification enhances resilience of a green tide alga to low-salinity stress. ICES Journal of Marine Science

DOI

To understand how Ulva species might respond to salinity stress during future ocean acidification we cultured a green tide alga Ulva linza at various salinities (control salinity, 30 PSU; medium salinity, 20 PSU; low salinity, 10 PSU) and CO2 concentrations (400 and 1000 ppmv) for over 30 days. The results showed that, under the low salinity conditions, the thalli could not complete its whole life cycle. The specific growth rate (SGR) of juvenile thalli decreased significantly with reduced salinity but increased with a rise in CO2. Compared to the control, medium salinity also decreased the SGR of adult thalli at low CO2 but did not affect it at high CO2. Similar patterns were also found in relative electron transport rate (rETR), non-photochemical quenching, saturating irradiance, and Chl b content. Although medium salinity reduced net photosynthetic rate and maximum rETR at each CO2 level, these negative effects were significantly alleviated at high CO2 levels. In addition, nitrate reductase activity was reduced by medium salinity but enhanced by high CO2. These findings indicate that future ocean acidification would enhance U. linza's tolerance to low salinity stress and may thus facilitate the occurrence of green tides dominated by U. linza.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Gattuso et al, 2019) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation by seacarb is 2019-10-24.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.908180
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsz135
Related Identifier https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=seacarb
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.908180
Provenance
Creator Gao, Guang; Qu, Liming; Burgess, J Grant; Li, Xinshu; Xu, Juntian
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Contributor Yang, Yan
Publication Year 2019
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 1884 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (119.417 LON, 34.750 LAT)
Temporal Coverage Begin 1975-01-01T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 1997-12-31T00:00:00Z