(Table 1) Isotopic composition of Sm and Nd in mantle restites of the Central Atlantic and in associated plutonic and volcanic rocks


Ultrabasic rock samples collected from two areas of the crustal zone of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR): (1) 13-17°N (near the intersection of the ridge axis with the 15°20'N prime fracture zone), and (2) 33°40'N prime (the western intersection of the MAR crest with the Heis fracture zone) were objects of this study. Samples of peridotite and of plutonic and volcanic rocks associated with it were used to measure their Sm/Nd, 143Nd/144Nd, and 147Sm/144Nd ratios, which allowed to test time and genetic relationships between evolution of mantle material under the ridge crest and products of its magmatic activity. Results of this work proved ubiquitous discrepancy between melting degree values of extremely depleted mantle peridotites in the MAR area between 14°N and 16°N, obtained using petrologic and geochemical methods. This discrepancy suggests large-scale interaction between mantle material and magmatic melts and fluids enriched in incompatible elements or fluids. The results obtained suggest that repeated melting of the mantle under the axial MAR zone is an universal characteristic of magmatism in low-velocity spreading centers. The results of this study also proved the crestal MAR zone in the Central Atlantic region show distinct indications of isotope-geochemical segmentation of the mantle. It is suggested that the geochemically anomalous MAR mantle peridotite in the zone of the MAR intersection with the 15°20'N prime fracture zone can be interpreted as fragments of mantle substrate, foreign for the Atlantic mantle north of the equator.

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.744795
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.744795
Creator Silantyev, Sergey A; Karpenko, Sergey F; Belyatsky, Boris V
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2000
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 105 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-46.667W, 14.817S, -38.900E, 33.650N); Atlantic Ocean; Central Atlantic