Geochemical data from loess records at the archaeological site Kammern-Grubgraben, Lower Austria


Two loess sections from the Upper Palaeolithic site of Kammern-Grubgraben (Lower Austria) were analysed to test geochemical proxies, as well as radiocarbon data of different components for their reliability and consistency in an archaeological context. Only a reliable basal age (28.9  27.8 ka cal BP) was obtained from charcoal fragments derived from a tundra gley underlying the archaeological horizons and assigned to Greenland Interstadials 3 or 4. Grain size, organic and inorganic geochemistry, and stable isotopes of the fine organic fraction (13Corg) and of rhizoconcretions (13C, 18O) were analysed to provide information on palaeoenvironmental conditions. Low-resolution geochemical and sedimentological analyses document a humidity-related variability, while 13Corg values indicate a predominant C3 vegetation. High-resolution elemental variations derived from X-ray fluorescence scanning exhibit increasing Ca and decreasing Fe and Ti values indicating drier conditions towards the top. Secondary pedogenic carbonate concretions provide post-sedimentary (Holocene) ages and are not suitable for assessing climate and environmental changes for the Palaeolithic.

Related Identifier
Metadata Access
Creator Reiss, Lilian; Stüwe, Christian; Einwögerer, Thomas; Händel, Marc; Maier, Andreas; Meng, Stefan; Pasda, Kerstin; Simon, Ulrich; Zolitschka, Bernd; Mayr, Christoph
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2022
Funding Reference German Science Foundation, 424736737
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International;
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Collection of Datasets; Collection
Format application/zip
Size 4 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (15.720 LON, 48.480 LAT)