Seawater carbonate chemistry and algal abundance, growth and flourometry data of a late summer suface sea ice community, supplement to: McMinn, Andrew; Müller, Marius N; Martin, Andrew; Ugalde, Sarah C; Lee, Shihong; Castrisios, Katerina; Ryan, Ken G (2017): Effects of CO2 concentration on a late summer surface sea ice community. Marine Biology, 164(4)


Annual fast ice at Scott Base (Antarctica) in late summer contained a high biomass surface community of mixed phytoflagellates, dominated by the dinoflagellate, Polarella glacialis. At this time of the year, ice temperatures rise close to melting point and salinities drop to less than 20. At the same time, pH levels can rise above 9 and nutrients can become limiting. In January 2014, the sea ice microbial community from the top 30 cm of the ice was exposed to a gradient of pH and CO2 (5 treatments) that ranged from 8.87 to 7.12 and 5-215 µmol CO2 kg?1, respectively, and incubated in situ. While growth rates were reduced at the highest and lowest pH, the differences were not significant. Likewise, there were no significant differences in maximum quantum yield of PSII (Fv/Fm) or relative maximum electron transfer rates (rETRmax) among treatments. In a parallel experiment, a CO2 gradient of 26-230 µmol CO2 kg?1 (5 treatments) was tested, keeping pH constant. In this experiment, growth rates increased by approximately 40% with increasing CO2, although differences among treatments were not significant.. As in the previous experiment, there was no significant response in Fv/Fm or rETRmax. A synchronous grazing dilution experiment found grazing rates to be inconclusive These results suggest that the summer sea ice brine communities were not limited by in situ CO2 concentrations and were not adversely affected by pH values down to 7.1.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Gattuso et al, 2016) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation by seacarb is 2017-05-26.

Related Identifier
Related Identifier
Metadata Access
Creator McMinn, Andrew; Müller, Marius N; Martin, Andrew; Ugalde, Sarah C; Lee, Shihong; Castrisios, Katerina; Ryan, Ken G
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Contributor Yang, Yan
Publication Year 2017
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported;
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 430 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (166.750 LON, -77.850 LAT)
Temporal Coverage Begin 2014-11-14T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2014-11-22T00:00:00Z