Analysis of sediments at Domes Site A, Pacific Ocean, supplement to: Piper, David Z; Rude, P D; Monteith, S (1987): The chemistry and mineralogy of haloed burrows in pelagic sediment at DOMES Site A: The equatorial North Pacific. Marine Geology, 74(1-2), 41-55

DOI

The chemical and mineralogical composition of burrowed sediment, recovered in 66 box cores at latitude 9°25'N and longitude 151°15'W in the equatorial Pacific, demonstrates the important role of infauna in determining the geochemistry of pelagic sediment. Haloed burrows, approximately 3 cm across, were present in many of the cores. Within early Tertiary sediment that was covered by less than 5 cm of surface Quaternary sediment in several cores, the burrows in cross-section consist of three units: (1) a dark yellowish-brown central zone of Quaternary sediment surrounded, by (2) a pale yellowish-orange zone (the halo) of Tertiary sediment, which is surrounded by (3) a metal-oxide precipitate; the enclosing Tertiary sediment is dusky brown. Several elements - Mn, Ni, Cu, Co, Zn, Sb and Ce - have been leached from the light-colored halo, whereas Cr, Cs, Hf, Rb, Sc, Ta, Th, U, the rare earth elements exclusive of Ce, and the major oxides have not been leached. The metal-oxide zone, 1-5 mm thick, contains as much as 16% MnO2, as the mineral todorokite. The composition of the todorokite, exclusive of the admixed Tertiary sediment, resembles the composition of the metal deficit of the halo and also the composition of surface ferromanganese nodules that have been interpreted as having a predominantly diagenetic origin. Thus bioturbation contributes not only to the redistribution of metals within pelagic sediment, but also to the accretion of ferromanganese nodules on the sea floor.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.881020
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/0025-3227(87)90004-1
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.7289/V52Z13FT
Related Identifier http://store.pangaea.de/Projects/NOAA-MMS/Fig3_Piper_1987.jpg
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.7289/V53X84KN
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.881020
Provenance
Creator Piper, David Z; Rude, P D; Monteith, S
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 1987
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Collection of Datasets
Format application/zip
Size 2 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-151.559W, 9.322S, -151.293E, 9.463N)