(Table 1) Ice station data during POLARSTERN expeditions ARK-XVIII/2 and ARK-XIX/1 to Fram Strait, the western Barents Sea and north of Svalbard, supplement to: Schünemann, Henrike; Werner, Iris (2004): Seasonal variations in distribution patterns of sympagic meiofauna in Arctic pack ice. Marine Biology, 146(6), 1091-1102

DOI

During two expeditions of the R.V. “Polarstern” to the Arctic Ocean, pack ice and under-ice water samples were collected during two different seasons: late summer (September 2002) and late winter (March/April 2003). Physical and biological properties of the ice were investigated to explain seasonal differences in species composition, abundance and distribution patterns of sympagic meiofauna (in this case: heterotrophs >20 µm). In winter, the ice near the surface was characterized by extreme physical conditions (minimum ice temperature: -22°C, maximum brine salinity: 223, brine volume: =5%). Conditions in the lowermost part of the ice did not differ to a high degree between summer and winter. Chlorophyll a concentrations (chl a) showed significant differences between summer and winter: during winter, concentrations were mostly <1.0 µg chl a/l, while chl a concentrations of up to 67.4 µmol/l were measured during summer. The median of depth-integrated chl a concentration in summer was significantly higher than in winter. Integrated abundances of sympagic meiofauna were within the same range for both seasons and varied between 0.6 and 34.1×103 organisms /m2 in summer and between 3.7 and 24.8×103 organisms /m**2 in winter. With regard to species composition, a comparison between the two seasons showed distinct differences: while copepods (42.7%) and rotifers (33.4%) were the most abundant sea-ice meiofaunal taxa during summer, copepod nauplii dominated the community, comprising 92.9% of the fauna, in winter. Low species abundances were found in the under-ice water, indicating that overwintering of the other sympagic organisms did not take place there, either. Therefore, their survival strategy over the polar winter remains unclear.

Identifier
DOI http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.855170
Metadata Access http://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite3&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.855170
Provenance
Creator Werner, Iris;Schünemann, Henrike
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2005
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC-BY)
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Coverage
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (76N-82N,5 W-23E)
Temporal Point 2002-09-02T11:59:59Z