Discovery of Ĉ₂ rotation anomaly in topological crystalline insulator SrPb


Topological crystalline insulators (TCIs) are insulating electronic states with nontrivial topology protected by crystalline symmetries. Recently, theory has proposed new classes of TCIs protected by rotation symmetries Ĉ_n, which have surface rotation anomaly evading the fermion doubling theorem, i.e., n instead of 2n Dirac cones on the surface preserving the rotation symmetry. Here, we report the first realization of the Ĉ_2 rotation anomaly in a binary compound SrPb. Our first-principles calculations reveal two massless Dirac fermions protected by the combination of time-reversal symmetry T̂ and Ĉ_2y on the (010) surface. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we identify two Dirac surface states inside the bulk band gap of SrPb, confirming the Ĉ_2 rotation anomaly in the new classes of TCIs. The findings enrich the classification of topological phases, which pave the way for exploring exotic behavior of the new classes of TCIs.

Metadata Access
Creator Fan, Wenhui; Nie, Simin; Wang, Cuixiang; Fu, Binbin; Yi, Changjiang; Gao, Shunye; Rao, Zhicheng; Yan, Dayu; Ma, Junzhang; Shi, Ming; Huang, Yaobo; Shi, Youguo; Wang, Zhijun; Qian, Tian; Ding, Hong
Publisher Materials Cloud
Publication Year 2021
Rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess; Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
OpenAccess true
Contact archive(at)
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Discipline Materials Science and Engineering