Seawater carbonate chemistry and community calcification during Reunion Island coral reef community study, 2006, supplement to: Taddei, Dorothée (2006): Transfert de matière et d'énergie dans les sédiments d'un complexe récifal anthropisé (Ile de La Réunion, Océan Indien). PhD Thesis, Université de la Réunion, 0-229

Coral reefs are very productive ecosystems. Soft-sediment plays generally a role in storing place, in transforming and in producing of matter, and therefore it could play a key role in coral reefs ecosystems. The goal of this study was to evaluate the role of soft-bottom compartment during the transfer of matter and energy in the reef of La Saline (Reunion Island). Three main lines of research were developed: the physicochemical characterisation of studied site, the metabolism of soft bottom in view to estimate the trophic production and its status and finally, the characterisation of biological component by the study of macrobentos and megabentos (i.e. Holothurians). A limited disturbance was detected by physicochemical data although locally enrichment of freshwater by nutrients (nitrates+nitrites+silicates) were measured (reef back hollow of Planch'Alize and Grand Trou d'Eau). At the reef scale (9 stations and 2 seasons), the soft-sediment was found heterotrophic (net production = 31.6, respiration R = 109.6, gross production Pg = 77.9 mmolC m-2 d-1 et PgR = 0.7). Opposite to the two holothurians studied population Holothuria atra et H. leucospilota, macrobenthos (> 1 mm) did not constitute a major group in the food web (134 taxa, with a mean of 32.86 individuals per 0.2 m-2 et 0.059 gPS 0.2m-2. compared to Echinoderm biomass that could reach 7.92 gPS m-2. At the station scale, spatial heterogeneity of metabolism was in agreement with the physicochemical characteristics of environment reflecting the double influence of both ocean and continent (freshwater enrichment). The most productive and heterotrophic stations were located in the reef back hollow where the oceanic influence was the lowest. Finally, macrofauna was under hydrodynamic influence although holothurians are growing in the most productive area. The soft-bottom sediment played a key role in filtrating organic matter provided from the back reef. This mechanism was deeply influenced by the high hydrodynamism (narrow reef and low water level), which modulated the loss of mater and energy of the reef. These losses were however limited by the action of holothurians (high density ind m-2), which store organic matter such as biomass and enhanced probably local production via excretion and bioturbation. To conclude, at the ecosystem scale, soft-bottom was responsible of recycling, which was reinforced by holothurians that limited the loss of matter and energy due to hydrodynamism.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Lavigne and Gattuso, 2011) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI).

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.727530
PID http://hdl.handle.net/10013/epic.35417.d001
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.727530
Provenance
Creator Taddei, Dorothée
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Contributor Nisumaa, Anne-Marin
Publication Year 2006
Funding Reference Seventh Framework Programme; Sixth Framework Programme
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 4986 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (55.230W, -21.110S, 55.250E, -21.090N); Indian Ocean
Temporal Coverage Begin 2003-09-17T12:10:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2004-08-12T13:15:00Z