Intermediate polaronic charge transport in organic crystals from a many-body first-principles approach


Predicting the electrical properties of organic molecular crystals (OMCs) is challenging due to their complex crystal structures and electron-phonon (e-ph) interactions. Charge transport in OMCs is conventionally categorized into two limiting regimes – band transport, characterized by weak e-ph interactions, and charge hopping due to localized polarons formed by strong e-ph interactions. However, between these two limiting cases there is a less well understood intermediate regime where polarons are present but transport does not occur via hopping. Here we show a many-body first-principles approach that can accurately predict the carrier mobility in OMCs in the intermediate regime and shed light on its microscopic origin. Our approach combines a finite-temperature cumulant method to describe strong e-ph interactions with Green-Kubo transport calculations. We apply this parameter-free framework to naphthalene crystal, demonstrating electron mobility predictions within a factor of 1.5–2 of experiment between 100–300 K. Our analysis reveals that electrons couple strongly with both inter- and intramolecular phonons in the intermediate regime, as evidenced by the formation of a broad polaron satellite peak in the electron spectral function and the failure of the Boltzmann transport equation (BTE). Our study advances quantitative modeling of charge transport in complex organic crystals. This dataset contains input and output files required to reproduce the BTE results presented in our work.

Metadata Access
Creator Chang, Benjamin K.; Zhou, Jin-Jian; Lee, Nien-En; Bernardi, Marco
Publisher Materials Cloud
Publication Year 2022
Rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess; Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
OpenAccess true
Contact archive(at)
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Discipline Materials Science and Engineering