Investigating the Sources, Abundance and Types of Microplastics in the Arctic, 2018

Microplastics pollution has been found across the globe, but with limited information from the polar regions. Although there is evidence of microplastics in the Arctic and Antarctic, little is understood about the sources, fate and extent of contamination. We collected samples and will quantify the amount and identify the types of microplastics in snow (as a surrogate for air), water, sediments and zooplankton sampled from the CCGS Amundsen in and around the Hudson Bay and/or the central and eastern Canadian Archipelago. In addition, we will answer questions about sources and fate using two types of information. First, we will collaborate with an Indigenous community to quantify and type plastic along their shoreline. Second, we will examine patterns of microplastics contamination and compare them with land-use patterns and water and air circulation. Based on previous studies, and our preliminary findings, we believe that microplastics will be present in Arctic samples, but a detailed study will help us better understand how ubiquitous microplastics are, from where they are derived, and how they are preserved or degraded. Microplastics in the Arctic raise concerns about impacts to wildlife and local communities that rely on food from the sea. Results from this study will inform future experiments that answer questions related to such impacts.

Metadata Access
Creator Rochman, Chelsea;Martin, Daniel;Carpenter, Jason;Hernandez, Laura;Jantunen, Liisa;Corcoran, Patricia;Finkelstein, Sarah;Diamond, Miriam;Hung, Hayley;Lalande, Catherine;Stern, Gary;Tufenkji, Nathalie
Publisher Canadian Cryospheric Information Network
Contributor Environment Canada
Publication Year 2018
Rights Public
Language English
Discipline Environmental Research
Spatial Coverage (60N-75N,129W-57W)
Temporal Coverage Begin 2018-06-01T11:59:59Z
Temporal Coverage End 2018-10-31T11:59:59Z