Fatty acid, fatty alcohol and sterol content and composition in the CWC Dendrophyllia cornigera and sediment from the Cantabrian Sea (Northeast Atlantic Ocean) and the Menorca Channel (Western Mediterranean Sea), supplement to: Gori, Andrea; Tolosa, Imma; Orejas, Covadonga; Rueda, Lucia; Viladrich, Nuria; Grinyó, Jordi; Flögel, Sascha; Grover, Renaud; Ferrier-Pagès, Christine (2018): Biochemical composition of the cold-water coral Dendrophyllia cornigera under contrasting productivity regimes: Insights from lipid biomarkers and compound-specific isotopes. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 141, 106-117


The cold-water coral (CWC) Dendrophyllia cornigera is widely distributed in areas of both high and low productivity, suggesting a significant trophic plasticity of this coral depending on the food available in the environment. In this study, lipid biomarkers and their isotopic signature were compared in colonies of D. cornigera and sediment from the highly productive Cantabrian Sea (Northeast Atlantic Ocean) and the less productive Menorca Channel (Western Mediterranean Sea). Lipid content and composition in coral tissue clearly reflected the contrasting productivity in the two areas. Cantabrian corals presented higher content in fatty acids (FA), fatty alcohols and sterols than Menorca corals.Energy storage (saturated + mono-unsaturated FA) to structural (poly-unsaturated FA) ratio was higher in Cantabrian than in Menorca corals. The high ΣC20:1 content as well as PUFA(n-3)/PUFA(n-6) ratio suggest that Cantabrian corals mainly feed on phytoplankton and herbivorous grazers. This is also supported by the higher mono-unsaturated fatty alcohols (MUOH) and long chain mono-unsaturated fatty alcohols (LCMUOH) content in Cantabrian compared to Menorca corals. Conversely, higher PUFA(n-6) content in Menorca corals, with the dominance of C22:4(n-6) and C20:4(n-6), as well as the dominance of cholesterol and norC27Δ5,22 among sterols, point to a higher trophic role of dinoflagellates and invertebrates. The observed geographical variability in trophic ecology supports a high trophic plasticity of D. cornigera, which may favour the wide distribution of this CWC in areas with highly contrasted food availability.

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.905354
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2018.08.010
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.905354
Creator Gori, Andrea; Tolosa, Imma; Orejas, Covadonga; Rueda, Lucia; Viladrich, Nuria; Grinyó, Jordi; Flögel, Sascha; Grover, Renaud; Ferrier-Pagès, Christine
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2019
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Collection of Datasets; Collection
Format application/zip
Size 3 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-2.760W, 40.000S, 3.539E, 43.529N)
Temporal Coverage Begin 2011-04-01T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2011-06-12T00:00:00Z