Stable isotope record of benthic and planktonic foraminifera in sediment cores of ODP Leg 177, Southern Ocean, supplement to: Hodell, David A; Charles, Christopher D; Curtis, Jason H; Mortyn, P Graham; Ninnemann, Ulysses S; Venz, Kathryn A (2003): Data Report: Oxygen isotope stratigraphy of ODP Leg 117 sites 1088, 1089, 1090, 1093, and 1094. In: Gersonde, R; Hodell, DA; Blum, P (eds.) Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 177, 1-26


While onboard ship during Leg 177, we used variations in sediment physical properties (mainly percent color reflectance) in conjunction with biomagnetostratigraphy to correlate among sites and predict the position of marine isotope stages (MISs) (e.g., see fig. F11 in Shipboard Scientific Party, 1999, p. 45). Our working assumption was that physical properties of Leg 177 sediments are controlled mainly by variations in carbonate content. Previous studies of Southern Ocean sediment cores have shown that carbonate concentrations are relatively high during interglacial stages and low during glacial stages at sites located within the Polar Frontal Zone (PFZ). Today, the PFZ marks a lithologic boundary in underlying sediment separating calcareous oozes to the north and silica-rich facies to the south (Hays et al., 1976). Although there is debate whether the position of the "physical" PFZ actually moved during glacial-interglacial cycles (Charles and Fairbanks, 1990; Matsumoto et al., 2001), the "biochemical" PFZ, as expressed by the CaCO3/opal boundary in sediments, certainly migrated north during glacials and south during interglacials. This gave rise to lithologic variations that are useful for stratigraphic correlation. At Leg 177 sites located north of the PFZ and at sublysoclinal depths, we expected the same pattern of carbonate variation because cores in the Atlantic basin are marked by increased carbonate dissolution during glacial periods and increased preservation during interglacials (Crowley, 1985).

Metadata Access
Creator Hodell, David A;Charles, Christopher D;Mortyn, P Graham;Ninnemann, Ulysses S;Venz, Kathryn A;Curtis, Jason H
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2003
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC-BY)
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Collection of Datasets
Format application/zip
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (53S-41S,5 E-14E)
Temporal Point 1997-12-17T11:59:59Z