Seawater carbonate chemistry and growth, net photosynthesis rate, Chlorophyll fluorescence parameter, soluble protein, photosynthetic pigments of red algae Pyropia yezoensis

DOI

Increasing CO2 levels in the surface water of oceans are expected to decrease oceanic pH and lead to seawater acidification. The responses of macroalgaea to this acidification of coastal waters have been studied in detail; however, most reports have focused on the adult stage only, while ignoring other life cycle stages. In this study, the economically important seaweed species Pyropia yezoensis was cultured under two CO2 concentrations (ambient CO2: 400 μatm; elevated CO2: 1000 μatm) and two light intensities (low light intensity: 80 μmol photons/m2 /s; and high light intensity: 240 μmol photons/m2 /s). The effects on the growth and photosynthetic performance of P. yezoensis were explored at different life cycle stages. Relative growth rates were significantly elevated at the conchocelis stage under high light intensity and elevated CO2 concentration. Moreover, the Pmax of P. yezoensis was also increased under high light intensity. However, this positive effect inversed at the thallus stage. The relative growth rate, relative electron transport rate (rETR), and net photosynthetic rate decreased at the thallus stage in response to high CO2 concentration. Under low light intensity, elevated CO2 concentration significantly increased the relative growth rates of conchocelis and thallus stages. These were 269% and 45% higher at elevated CO2 concentration compared with ambient CO2 concentrations, respectively. The Chl a and phycoerythrin levels were also higher under elevated CO2 level at the conchocelis stage. However, the rETR for the thallus stage was elevated under low light. This suggests that seawater acidification could positively affect algae at low light conditions (especially at the conchocelis stage). Different growth stages of P. yezoensis may respond differently to seawater acidification and changes of light intensity. Thalli growth stage, stocking density, and seawater depth should be considered in different areas to optimize the primary production of macroalgae.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Gattuso et al, 2019) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation by seacarb is 2020-09-18.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.922860
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.algal.2020.101950
Related Identifier https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=seacarb
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.922860
Provenance
Creator Ma, Jing; Xu, Tianpeng; Bao, Menglin; Zhou, Huimin; Zhang, Tianzhi; Li, Zhenzhen; Gao, Guang; Li, Xinshu; Xu, Juntian
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Contributor Yang, Yan
Publication Year 2020
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 5536 data points
Discipline Earth System Research