Abundance of planktonic foraminifera from IODP Hole 339-U1386C, supplement to: Ducassou, Emmanuelle; Fournier, L A; Sierro, Francisco Javier; Alvarez Zarikian, Carlos A; Lofi, Johanna; Flores, José-Abel; Roque, C (2016): Origin of the large Pliocene and Pleistocene debris flows on the Algarve margin. Marine Geology, 377, 58-76

DOI

The base of the Faro contouritic drift (IODP Site U1386) on the northern margin of the Gulf of Cádiz (Algarve margin) is characterized by two sequences of frequent gravity deposits with different ages and compositions. Among these gravity deposits, several relatively thick debrites (up to 12 m) have been observed and studied in detail. Sedimentological analyses have been performed and because of non-turbulent behavior of debris flows, detailed micropaleontological studies could be realized. Planktonic foraminifera thus allowed establishing a detailed biostratigraphy of these deposits. Benthic foraminifer and ostracod assemblageswere used to evaluate the origin of the sediment composing these debris flows and estimate their run-out distance. These debrites are dated fromEarly Pliocene and early Pleistocene, andwere deposited in amesobathyal environment. They comprise silty mud clasts and matrixes with sand content up to 34%. The Early Pliocene debrites are bioclast-rich whereas the Early Pleistocene debrite is enriched in terrigenous particles. The data indicates that these debrites were triggered on the continental shelf and traveled less than 100 km, eroding the seafloor all along their path for the Early Pliocene debrites and only the first part of their path for the early Pleistocene debrite.Matrixes originate fromfailure areaswhereas eroded sediments along the flow pathway are incorporated into the flow as clasts. High abundance of shelf fauna during the Early Pliocene and great supply of terrigenous particles from rivers during the early Pleistocene in the south-western Iberian margin have favored gravity flows fromthe continental shelf to the slope. The contouritic paleo-moat of the Faro drift has been a determining channeling feature for gravity flows along the Algarve margin during the early Pleistocene, testifying of the strong interaction between MOW circulation and down-slope processes. Tectonic and diapiric activities were significant during Early Pliocene and early Pleistocene on the Algarve margin and could have been triggering parameters of failures related to these debris flows.

Identifier
DOI http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.870711
Metadata Access http://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite3&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.870711
Provenance
Creator Fournier, L A;Alvarez Zarikian, Carlos A;Lofi, Johanna;Roque, C;Ducassou, Emmanuelle;Sierro, Francisco Javier;Flores, José-Abel
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2017
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC-BY)
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Coverage
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (37N,8 W)