Geochemical biomarker analyses on sediment cores PS2641-4 (GC) and PS2641-5 (GKG) from the East Greenland Shelf, supplement to: Kolling, Henriette Marie; Stein, Ruediger; Fahl, Kirsten; Perner, Kerstin; Moros, Matthias (accepted): Short-term variability in late Holocene sea-ice cover on the East Greenland Shelf and its driving mechanisms. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology

DOI

Arctic sea ice is a critical component of the climate system as it influences the albedo, heat, moisture and gas exchange between ocean and atmosphere as well as the ocean's salinity. An ideal location to study natural sea-ice variability during pre-industrial times is the East Greenland Shelf that underlies the East Greenland Current (EGC), the main route of Arctic sea ice and freshwaters from the Arctic Ocean into the northern North Atlantic. Here, we present a new high-resolution biomarker record from the East Greenland Shelf (73°N), which provides new insights into the seaice variability and accompanying phytoplankton productivity over the past 5.2 ka. Our IP25 based sea-ice reconstructions and the inferred PIP25 index do not reflect the wide-spread late Holocene Neoglacial cooling trend that follows the decreasing solar insolation pattern, which we relate to the strong influence of the polar EGC on the East Greenland Shelf throughout the studied time interval. However, our reconstructions reveal several oscillations with increasing/decreasing sea-ice concentrations that are linked to the known late Holocene climate cold/warm phases, i.e. the Roman Warm Period, Dark Ages Cold Period, Medieval Warm Period and Little Ice Age. Shifts in the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) regime seem to have triggered the short-term variability in sea-ice extent on the East Greenland Shelf. Furthermore, we identify a cyclicity of 73-74 years in sea-ice algae and phytoplankton productivity over the last 1.2 ka.

Identifier
DOI http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.871904
Metadata Access http://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite3&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.871904
Provenance
Creator Kolling, Henriette Marie;Perner, Kerstin;Moros, Matthias;Stein, Ruediger;Fahl, Kirsten
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2017
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC-BY)
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Collection of Datasets
Format application/zip
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (73N-73N,19W-19W)
Temporal Point 1994-09-14T11:59:59Z