Biomarker proxies on ODP Holes 151-912A and 151-912B, supplement to: Stein, Ruediger; Fahl, Kirsten (2013): Biomarker proxy shows potential for studying the entire Quaternary Arctic sea ice history. Organic Geochemistry, 55, 98-102


A novel and promising biomarker proxy for reconstruction of Arctic sea ice conditions was developed and is based on the determination of a highly branched isoprenoid with 25 carbons (IP25). IP25 records have been restricted to the last 150 kyr BP. We present a biomarker record from Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 912, going back to the Pliocene–Pleistocene boundary and indicating that sea ice of variable extent occurred in the Fram Strait/southern Yermak Plateau area at least since about 2.2 Ma. Furthermore, our data support the idea that a combination of IP25 and open water, phytoplankton biomarker data (“PIP25 index”) may give a more reliable and quantitative estimate of past sea ice cover (at least for the study area). The study reveals that the novel IP25/PIP25 biomarker approach has potential for semi-quantitative paleo-sea ice studies covering the entire Quaternary and could motivate further detailed high resolution research on ODP/IODP material using this proxy.

Metadata Access
Creator Stein, Ruediger;Fahl, Kirsten
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2013
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC-BY)
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (80N-80N,5 E-5 E)
Temporal Point 1993-08-27T11:59:59Z