Last Interglacial synthesis of high-latitude temperature: temperature anomalies and associated errors for 4 time slices, supplement to: Capron, Emilie; Govin, Aline; Stone, Emma J; Masson-Delmotte, Valerie; Mulitza, Stefan; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L; Rasmussen, Tine Lander; Sime, Louise C; Waelbroeck, Claire; Wolff, Eric W (2014): Temporal and spatial structure of multi-millennial temperature changes at high latitudes during the Last Interglacial. Quaternary Science Reviews, 103, 116-133

DOI

The Last Interglacial (LIG, 129-116 thousand of years BP, ka) represents a test bed for climate model feedbacks in warmer-than-present high latitude regions. However, mainly because aligning different palaeoclimatic archives and from different parts of the world is not trivial, a spatio-temporal picture of LIG temperature changes is difficult to obtain. Here, we have selected 47 polar ice core and sub-polar marine sediment records and developed a strategy to align them onto the recent AICC2012 ice core chronology. We provide the first compilation of high-latitude temperature changes across the LIG associated with a coherent temporal framework built between ice core and marine sediment records. Our new data synthesis highlights non-synchronous maximum temperature changes between the two hemispheres with the Southern Ocean and Antarctica records showing an early warming compared to North Atlantic records. We also observe warmer than present-day conditions that occur for a longer time period in southern high latitudes than in northern high latitudes. Finally, the amplitude of temperature changes at high northern latitudes is larger compared to high southern latitude temperature changes recorded at the onset and the demise of the LIG. We have also compiled four data-based time slices with temperature anomalies (compared to present-day conditions) at 115 ka, 120 ka, 125 ka and 130 ka and quantitatively estimated temperature uncertainties that include relative dating errors. This provides an improved benchmark for performing more robust model-data comparison. The surface temperature simulated by two General Circulation Models (CCSM3 and HadCM3) for 130 ka and 125 ka is compared to the corresponding time slice data synthesis. This comparison shows that the models predict warmer than present conditions earlier than documented in the North Atlantic, while neither model is able to produce the reconstructed early Southern Ocean and Antarctic warming. Our results highlight the importance of producing a sequence of time slices rather than one single time slice averaging the LIG climate conditions. This dataset concerns the new synthesis of high-latitude temperature anomalies during the Last Interglacial published by Capron et al. 2014. It contains:- the information of marine sediment and ice core sites included in the study: name, latitude, longitude, elevation, information of temperature reconstruction, modern temperature value (from WOA98 and core top, if available)- temperature anomalies and 2 sigma errors for 4 time slices (130 ka, 125 ka, 120 ka, 115 ka) using WOA98 values as modern reference- temperature anomalies and 2 sigma errors for 4 time slices (130 ka, 125 ka, 120 ka, 115 ka) using core top SST values as modern referenceAge pointers defined in marine sediment cores are given in Table A2 available online as a supplement of the paper.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.841672
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Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.841672
Provenance
Creator Capron, Emilie; Govin, Aline; Stone, Emma J; Masson-Delmotte, Valerie; Mulitza, Stefan; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L; Rasmussen, Tine Lander; Sime, Louise C; Waelbroeck, Claire; Wolff, Eric W
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2015
Funding Reference Seventh Framework Programme
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 974 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-51.060W, -78.464S, 177.990E, 77.450N); Norwegian Sea; North Atlantic Ocean; South Atlantic Ocean; South Pacific/CONT RISE; Newfoundland margin; Antarctica; Dome C, Antarctica; Labrador Sea; Northeast Atlantic; Kerguelen Plateau; Eirik Drift; South Indian Ocean; South Pacific; Southern Ocean; Voring Plateau; Iceland; Chatham Rise; Greenland Rise; Greenland; Agulhas Basin; Atlantic Ridge; Agulhas Ridge; North Atlantic
Temporal Coverage Begin 1971-01-01T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2009-08-20T00:00:00Z