Dual stable isotopic methane (δ¹³CH4 and dD(CH4)) records from four Antarctic ice cores, supplement to: Bock, Michael; Schmitt, Jochen; Beck, Jonas; Seth, Barbara; Chappellaz, Jérôme A; Fischer, Hubertus (2017): Glacial/interglacial wetland, biomass burning, and geologic methane emissions constrained by dual stable isotopic CH4 ice core records. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201613883

DOI

Atmospheric methane (CH4) records reconstructed from polar ice cores represent a integrated view on processes predominantly taking place in the terrestrial biogeosphere. Here we present dual stable isotopic methane records (d13CH4 and dD(CH4)) from four Antarctic ice cores, which provide improved constraints on past changes in natural methane sources. Our isotope data show that tropical wetlands and seasonally inundated floodplains are most likely the controlling sources of atmospheric methane variations for the current and two older interglacials and their preceding glacial maxima. The changes in these sources are steered by variations in temperature, precipitation and the water table, as modulated by insolation, (local) sea level and monsoon intensity. Based on our new dD(CH4) constraint, it appears that geologic emissions of methane may play a steady but only minor role in atmospheric CH4 changes, and that the glacial budget is not dominated by these sources. Superimposed on the glacial/interglacial variations is a marked difference in both isotope records, with systematically higher values during the last 25,000 years compared to older time periods. This shift cannot be explained by climatic changes. Rather, our isotopic methane budget points to a marked increase in fire activity, possibly due to biome changes and accumulation of fuel related to the late Pleistocene megafauna extinction, which took place in the course of the last glacial. All methane isotope data are given as measured (d13C wrt VPDB, dD wrt VSMOW). All data are given corrected for gravitational settling in the firn. d13CH4 data are additionally given corrected for diffusional fractionation in the firn. All relevant information concerning data and corrections are given in the main article, the Materials and Methods section and in the Supporting Information (SI).All data are free of krypton interference during the mass spectrometric analysis. For details see Schmitt et al. (2014, doi:10.5194/amt-7-2645-2014).All data are given on a depth scale and the gas age according to AICC 2012: Veres et al. (2013, doi:10.5194/cp-9-1733-2013 and Bazin et al. (2013, doi:10.5194/cp-9-1715-2013).

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.873918
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1613883114
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.873918
Provenance
Creator Bock, Michael; Schmitt, Jochen; Beck, Jonas; Seth, Barbara; Chappellaz, Jérôme A; Fischer, Hubertus
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2017
Funding Reference Fifth Framework Programme; Fourth Framework Programme
Rights Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Collection of Datasets
Format application/zip
Size 5 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (0.068W, -78.464S, 159.067E, -72.783N)
Temporal Coverage Begin 1980-01-01T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2008-12-31T00:00:00Z