Miocene stable isotope record of benthic foraminifera from IODP Site 320-U1336, supplement to: Voigt, Janett; Hathorne, Ed C; Frank, Martin; Holbourn, Ann (2016): Minimal influence of recrystallization on middle Miocene benthic foraminiferal stable isotope stratigraphy in the eastern equatorial Pacific. Paleoceanography, 31(1), 98-114

DOI

Stable carbon and oxygen isotopes (d13C and d18O) of foraminiferal tests are amongst the most important tools in paleoceanography but the extent to which recrystallization can alter the isotopic composition of the tests is not well known. Here, we compare three middle Miocene (16–13 Ma) benthic foraminiferal stable isotope records from eastern equatorial Pacific sites with different diagenetic histories to investigate the effect of recrystallization. To test an extreme case, we analyzed stable isotope compositions of benthic foraminifera from Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Site U1336, for which the geochemistry of bulk carbonates and associated pore waters indicate continued diagenetic alteration in sediments > 14.7 Ma. Despite this diagenetic overprinting, the amplitudes and absolute values of the analyzed U1336 stable isotopes agree well with high resolution records from better preserved Sites U1337 and U1338 nearby. Our results suggest that although benthic foraminiferal tests of all three sites show some degree of textural changes due to recrystallization, they have retained their original stable isotope signatures. The good agreement of the benthic foraminiferal stable isotope records demonstrates that recrystallization occurred extremely rapidly (<100 kyr) after deposition. This is confirmed by the preservation of orbital cyclicities in U1336 stable isotope data and d18O values being different to inorganic calcite that would precipitate from U1336 pore waters during late recrystallization. The close similarity of the benthic foraminiferal stable isotope records between the sites allows the well resolved paleo-magnetic results of Site U1336 to be transferred to Sites U1337 and U1338 improving the global Geological Timescale.

Identifier
DOI http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.854835
Metadata Access http://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite3&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.854835
Provenance
Creator Holbourn, Ann;Hathorne, Ed C;Frank, Martin;Voigt, Janett
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2015
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC-BY)
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Coverage
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (8 N,128W)