Physical properties of firn cores from the 1995/96 and 1996/97 field seasons, supplement to: Oerter, Hans; Graf, Wolfgang; Wilhelms, Frank; Minikin, Andreas; Miller, Heinz (1999): Accumulation studies on Amundsenisen, Dronning Maud Land, by means of tritium, DEP and stable isotope measurements: first results from the 1995/96 and 1996/97 field seasons. Annals of Glaciology, 29, 1-9


The paper focuses on studies of snow-pit samples and shallow firn cores taken during the 1995-96 and 1996-97 field seasons at Amundsenisen, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. The dating of the firn is based on the artificial tritium distribution in the snow cover and on several reference horizons identified by electrical measurements. The early 1964 through 1965 horizon is marked by the deposition of sulfate released to the atmosphere during the eruption of the Agung volcano in March 1963; this horizon was detected by dielectric profiling and electrical conductivity measurements; the proof by chemical analysis has still to be seen. At the ten investigated sites on Amundsenisen the 1964-65 horizon was identified 4.1-5.7 m below the surface. The accumulation rates on Amundsenisen are 41-91 kg/m**2/a. The cores are up to 100 years old. A relationship between isotope content and the mean air temperature on a regional scale can be based on measurements of firn temperature at 10 m depth at the drilling sites. Between Neumayer station at the coast and Heimefrontfjella, the temperature gradient of the deuterium content is 9.6 per mil/K. South of Heimefrontfjella, on the Amundsenisen plateau, it is only 5.5 per mil/K. Time series of yearly accumulation rates show no significant trend. For the isotope records a significant trend to higher values with gradients of 0.1-0.2 d2H per mil/a can be seen in five of the ten time series.

Related Identifier
Metadata Access
Creator Oerter, Hans; Graf, Wolfgang; Wilhelms, Frank; Minikin, Andreas; Miller, Heinz
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 1999
Funding Reference Fifth Framework Programme; Fourth Framework Programme
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Collection of Datasets
Format application/zip
Size 9 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-3.430W, -75.933S, 11.350E, -74.399N); Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica
Temporal Coverage Begin 1997-01-01T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 1997-01-30T00:00:00Z