Predicting the influence of edge oxidation in parallel-plate rheometry


Melt post-condensation, thermal, and thermo-oxidative degradation of a cyclo-aliphatic polyamide were studied through time-resolved rheometry (TRR). The implemented TRR elucidates structural changes occurring during two concurrent phenomena, namely melt post-condensation and thermal/thermo-oxidative degradation, during the time sweep in a parallel plate rheometer. TRR measurements were conducted on neat polyamide under nitrogen (inert/non-oxidative) and air (oxidative) environment at 3 % strain amplitude and a range of frequencies between 0.1 and 100 rad/sec for two hours. At temperatures of 260, 270, and 275 °C, a dual-stage time-dependent growth in viscoelastic properties was observed under an oxidative environment. Thermo-oxidative degradation of polyamide melt 270 °C was shown to occur from the exposed sample edge, continuing inwards, effectively reducing the radius of the unoxidized polymer melt by 6.4 %. A modeling approach using MATLAB is presented to interpret and differentiate the rheological behavior of edge oxidized gel and bulk polymer within the volume of the sample melt. The code removes the effects of the strain limiter and the edge gelation from experimental measurements in predicting the material properties.

Metadata Access
Creator Venoor, Varun; Ratto, Jo Ann; Kazmer, David; Sobkowicz, Margaret
Publisher Materials Cloud
Publication Year 2022
Rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess; Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
OpenAccess true
Contact archive(at)
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Discipline Materials Science and Engineering